PYP Overview

The Primary Years Programme (PYP)

The International Baccalaureate Primary Years Programme (IB PYP) is an international curriculum designed for students aged 3 to 12 years.

It focuses on the total growth of the developing child, touching hearts as well as minds. The PYP meets students social, physical, emotional and cultural needs in addition to academic development.

Essential Elements of the PYP

This diagram shows the curriculum framework of the IB Primary Years Programme.

PYP Curriculum Model

The following are the five essential elements of the PYP:


What do we want students to know?

The IB recognizes the subject domains of:

  • Language
  • Mathematics
  • Science and technology
  • Personal, social and physical education
  • Social Studies
  • Arts

Students are taught through a combination of transdisciplinary unit of inquiry – six per year and standalone subject specific units. All science and social studies is included in the units of inquiry. These inquiries are organized within six transdisciplinary themes:

  • Who We Are
  • Where We Are in Place and Time
  • How We Express Ourselves
  • How the World Works
  • How We Organize Ourselves
  • Sharing the Planet

Key Concepts

What do we want students to understand?

  • Form
  • Function
  • Change
  • Causation
  • Connection
  • Perspective
  • Reflection
  • Responsibility

Transdisciplinary Skills

What do we want students to be able to do?

  • Thinking skills
  • Communication skills
  • Self-Management skills
  • Research skills
  • Social skills


Student-initiated demonstrations of deeper learning through service to fellow students, the school and the community.

At the centre of the PYP framework is the IB Learner Profile. This is common to all three IB programmes.

Supporting PYP Learners at Home

Please click here for details.

The RCHK Programme of Inquiry

This promises to be another exciting year in the Primary School. Please click here to download a copy of our Programme of Inquiry to find out what’s in store for all the year levels.